Stud‐book of Origin of Hucul Horses


I. Preliminary remark

Rules and direc­ti­ves for bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions of the European Union in accor­dan­ce with the Commission Decision 92/353/EEC of 11 June 1992, which inc­lu­des the cri­te­ria for reco­gni­tion or lega­li­sa­tion of bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions and bre­eders’ asso­cia­tions, which esta­blish stud­bo­oks for ack­now­led­ged hor­ses of the Hucul bre­ed.

II. Introduction

  1. „Polish Horse Breeders Association” – Warsaw was reco­gni­sed as a bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tion, which keeps the Stud‐Book of Origin of Hucul Breed, on the basis of the abo­ve deci­sion of the European Union
  2. The Stud‐Book of Origin of Hucul Breed is kept with the con­sent of cen­tral orga­ni­sa­tion „Hucul International Federation” (HIF) and by order of General Management of the depart­ment for Customer Protection and Animal Breeding of the European Commission

III. Aims

The Stud‐Book of Origin of Hucul Breed is kept in clo­se co‐operation with Hucul International Federation (HIF) and aims at achie­ving the fol­lo­wing goals.

  1. Preservation of the bre­ed
  2. Preservation of ori­gi­nal featu­res, such as immu­ni­ty, lack of fasti­dio­usness, gen­tle­ness, intel­li­gen­ce and endu­ran­ce
  3. Maintenance of vario­us possi­bi­li­ties of use
  4. Consistence of bre­eding work on the European sca­le

IV. Directives

„Polish Horse Breeders Association” esta­bli­shed, with the con­sent of HIF in accor­dan­ce with point 3b of the Appendix to the Decision 92/353/EEC, the fol­lo­wing direc­ti­ves:

  1. Entry of ori­gin / Criteria for entry to the stud‐book
    1. Name of the hor­se
      1. Horse is named on the basis of tra­di­tion of the coun­try it is bred in. These rules must be recor­ded in the stud­bo­ok.
      2. Name of a hor­se sho­uld be deter­mi­ned whi­le making the entry of foals.
      3. Name of a hor­se is an impor­tant ele­ment of its iden­ti­fi­ca­tion and, in accor­dan­ce with the Council Directive 90/427/EEC, it can­not be chan­ged.
      4. It seems advi­sa­ble to pro­vi­de a second name. It sho­uld be given after the name of the hor­se, in paren­the­sis.
      5. In order to distin­gu­ish hor­ses with the same name, the­ir stud names sho­uld also be pro­vi­ded. It is for the bene­fit of the bre­eder.
      6. The task of pro­vi­ding stud names belongs to reco­gni­sed Breeding Organisations in accor­dan­ce with the direc­ti­ves, which pre­vent the­ir mul­ti­ple use.
      7. At the time of elec­tri­cal mar­king of a hor­se, the code of a micro­chip can­not sub­sti­tu­te the name of the hor­se.
    2. Data rela­ted to the horse’s birth
      1. date of birth
      2. pla­ce of birth
      3. coun­try
      4. bre­eder
      5. sex
      6. colo­ur deter­mi­na­tion
    3. Graphic and word descrip­tion of a hor­se, in accor­dan­ce with the Council Directive 90/427/EEC
      The fol­lo­wing iden­ti­fi­ca­tion featu­res sho­uld be taken into acco­unt whi­le mar­king a hor­se, either by means of num­ber bran­ding, or by means of micro­chips, becau­se, as we know from expe­rien­ce, the coat of hor­ses living in fre­edom is so thick that bran­ding is not always legi­ble, whi­le elec­tro­nic chips may disap­pe­ar, or they may be inten­tio­nal­ly remo­ved or chan­ged.
      1. varie­ty (sha­pe and size)
      2. distinct par­tings and par­ting sym­phy­sis on the head (fore­he­ad), trunk, legs
      3. colo­ur of the trunk, mane, legs and hoofs
      4. dor­sal band, zebra stri­pes
      5. pecu­lia­ri­ties
    4. Measures
      Horses are measu­red not only for iden­ti­fi­ca­tion, but also in order to pro­vi­de infor­ma­tion abo­ut the­ir built (sha­pe), deve­lop­ment, possi­bi­li­ty of use, possi­ble bur­de­ning of the ani­mal. The last ele­ment is deter­mi­ned on the basis of knee’s cir­cum­fe­ren­ce. The fol­lo­wing measu­res sho­uld refer to adult indi­vi­du­als:
      1. stick measu­re: withers, back, cro­up and possi­bly the length of a hor­se, who­se lines are to be veri­fied
      2. tape‐measure: girth’s, cannon’s and knee’s cir­cum­fe­ren­ce.
    5. Marking/Branding/Microchips
      1. the pur­po­se of hor­se mar­king, as well as the­ir gra­phic and word descrip­tion, is the­ir iden­ti­fi­ca­tion.
      2. the rules of mar­king by reco­gni­sed bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions must cor­re­spond to the legal stan­dards of bre­eding of a given coun­try, and must cor­re­spond to the regu­la­tions con­cer­ning pre­se­rva­tion of ani­mals
      3. bran­ding by reco­gni­sed bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions must be uni­vo­cal­ly attri­bu­ta­ble, i.e. they must be cle­ar­ly dif­fe­rent from bran­dings of other bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions
      4. form and posi­tion of bran­dings, as well as the let­ters and num­bers used sho­uld be repre­sen­ted gra­phi­cal­ly and in words
      5. elec­tro­nic mar­king sho­uld not be limi­ted only to coding, but also the regi­ster of used chips sho­uld be kept.
    6. Verification of ori­gin
      Since 2002 it has been neces­sa­ry to sub­mit the results of blo­od gro­up ana­ly­sis and the results of DNA ana­ly­sis in order to pro­tect or to veri­fy the ori­gin. They are sub­mit­ted toge­ther with an appli­ca­tion for the licen­ce or entry to the stud­bo­ok.
    7. Origin/ Generations back
      1. a hor­se may be admit­ted as a bre­eding hor­se of this bre­ed only if at least 5 gene­ra­tions back are docu­men­ted from the mother’s and the father’s side.
      2. cer­ti­fi­ca­tion of ori­gin (con­fir­ma­tion of ori­gin) must com­pri­se at least 5 gene­ra­tions back
      3. total docu­men­ta­tion of pre­de­ces­sors sho­uld be made elec­tro­ni­cal­ly
      4. offspring of hybrids can­not be regar­ded as bre­eding ani­mals, becau­se for cen­tu­ries only ack­now­led­ged hor­ses, main­ta­ined in pure bre­ed have been used for fur­ther bre­eding
      5. in order to record the ori­gin in the pas­sport of hor­ses it suf­fi­ces to pro­vi­de two gene­ra­tions back, even if only one cer­ti­fi­ca­tion of ori­gin is issu­ed. The num­bers of hor­ses’ pas­sports sho­uld be regi­ste­red, pro­vi­ding con­se­cu­ti­ve num­ber, toge­ther with the cer­ti­fi­ca­tion of horse’s pur­po­se (for slaughter/ not for slau­gh­ter).
    8. Further infor­ma­tion inc­lu­ded in the entry of ori­gin
      1. name of a reco­gni­sed bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tion, or reco­gni­sed bre­eders’ asso­cia­tion of this bre­ed
      2. name and signa­tu­re of a per­son autho­ri­sed to sign, as well as the pla­ce and date of issu­an­ce
      3. date of admis­sion or entry, as well as the date and cau­se of death
      4. it is a sec­tion of a stud­bo­ok, depen­ding on its divi­sion. Moreover, possi­bly the sec­tion con­cer­ning bre­eding value.
      5. the num­ber of entry or the num­ber of bre­eding book, num­ber of hor­ses’ pas­sport and possi­bly the num­ber of a micro­chip
  2. Description of the bre­ed
    1. Historical descrip­tion
      Hucul hor­ses were first men­tio­ned in pro­fes­sio­nal wri­tings as ear­ly as in 1613. Breeding was then in pri­va­te hands, and docu­men­ta­tion con­cer­ning its ori­gin was rather scar­ce. Only sin­ce 1856, after the esta­bli­sh­ment of the first natio­nal stud in Łuczyn, today in Romania, matings have been regu­lar­ly recor­ded.
    2. Features and uti­li­ty
      Particular vir­tu­es of Hucul hor­ses, such as immu­ni­ty, lack of fasti­dio­usness, gen­tle­ness, intel­li­gen­ce and firm paces con­tri­bu­ted to the­ir wide­spre­ad use. Hucul hor­se served people as an endu­ring labo­ur hor­se in farms, par­ti­cu­lar­ly in moun­ta­ino­us are­as. Because it was relia­ble, it was often used in trans­port.
      Particular featu­res of Hucul hor­ses and diver­si­ty of the­ir use cre­ated a small hor­se, which was ide­al for moun­ta­ino­us con­di­tions and did not requ­ire a who­le year’s sta­ble bre­eding. Also the army got inte­re­sted in this hor­se. It star­ted to be used as a saddle‐horse, draught‐horse or heavy cart‐horse.
    3. Area of ori­gin
      The area of ori­gin is Hucul region, spre­ading over the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, which by 1918 had belon­ged to Austro‐Hungarian Monarchy. After the First World War this area was divi­ded betwe­en Poland, Slovakia and Czech Republic. After 1945 a part of for­mer Hucul region fell even to Ukraine, which at some point belon­ged to the Soviet Union.
    4. Countries bre­eding Hucul hor­ses:
      At pre­sent vario­us natio­nal studs and reco­gni­sed Breeding Associations in Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Austria occu­py with the bre­eding of Hucul hor­ses.
    5. Use:
      Also nowa­days Hucul hor­ses are bred in order to per­form vario­us works rela­ted to far­ming, and also, due to the­ir firm pace, they are also used as heavy cart‐horses. It is a ver­sa­ti­le saddle‐horse, used also as a carriage‐horse. It is beco­ming more and more popu­lar. Therefore it has alre­ady been adop­ted as a saddle‐horse in Germany, The Netherlands, Great Britain and Finland.
    6. External appearance/ featu­res typi­cal for this bre­ed
      Although ini­tial­ly three basic types of the Hucul hor­se could be distin­gu­ished, the­re is, despi­te cer­ta­in dif­fe­ren­ces, a big simi­la­ri­ty in exter­nal appe­aran­ce and build.
      • mas­si­ve, har­mo­nio­us con­for­ma­tion, deep chest, well‐sprung ribs. Girth’s cir­cum­fe­ren­ce has on ave­ra­ge abo­ut 170 cm, it is at least 25 cm more than in case of the height at withers,
      • thick mane, neck is well‐set and strong, but too short
      • cle­ar­ly defi­ned, har­mo­nio­us line of the back, and rec­tan­gu­lar lines make riding more com­for­ta­ble
      • well‐muscled cro­up, strong hind legs make it a good car­ria­ge hor­se, but also help to move in a dif­fi­cult area
      • a very strong con­sti­tu­tion. Strong joints and ten­dons ena­ble to bear heavy loads. Average cannon’s cir­cum­fe­ren­ce is 18 cm, and knee’s cir­cum­fe­ren­ce is 29 cm.
      • Particularly hard, heal­thy and well‐formed hoofs of an ave­ra­ge size do not requ­ire fre­qu­ent sho­eing
      • Average height measu­red by means of stick‐measure is 140 cm, tape‐measure indi­ca­tes 8 cm more
      • Results of measu­re­ments obvio­usly depend on sex, quali­ty of fora­ge, and on vario­us types or male lines.
    7. Basic types
      Hucul hor­se, as a bre­ed ori­gi­na­ting from the area of Carpathian Mountains, descends direc­tly from a European wild hor­se, tar­pan, which was ini­tial­ly cros­sed not only with indi­ge­no­us hor­ses, e.g. ponies, but also with Przewalski hor­se (Kertak). Later on, bre­eding was influ­en­ced by Arabian and Ardene hor­ses, and also by hor­ses with Nordic blo­od.
      Initially for a long time 3 basis types were cle­ar­ly distin­gu­ished:
      • type Tarpan – Hucul sho­wed featu­res of moun­ta­ino­us tar­pans, living in Carpathian Mountains
      • type Bystrzyc – Hucul, ori­gi­na­ting from the cross of tar­pan with a pony
      • type Przewalski – Hucul shows the influ­en­ce of a cross with Mongolian and Tatar horses.These hoses are a kind of a relic of blo­ody riots from the past.

      The first two types dif­fe­red betwe­en one ano­ther sli­gh­tly, whe­re­as the last type, Przewalski – Hucul type, sho­wed signi­fi­cant dif­fe­ren­ces. Nevertheless, the three basic types have a very simi­lar line and build. Almost all types display typi­cal signs of a wild hor­se: dor­sal band, zebra stri­pes and slo­ping cro­up.

    8. Male lines
      Because dif­fe­rent bre­eds of hor­ses were used, the dif­fe­ren­ces betwe­en the­se ini­tial types of Hucul hor­se dimi­ni­shed in later bre­eding. Nevertheless, seven gene­alo­gi­cal­ly dif­fe­rent male foun­da­tion stocks were cre­ated over the years:
      • Hrobe foun­da­tion stock:
        It was named after a foun­da­tion sire cal­led Hroby, bom in 1898. It was used for bre­eding in the begin­ning of the twen­ties across die who­le Austro‐Hungarian Monarchy.
      • Goral foun­da­tion stock:
        Originates from a foun­da­tion sire cal­led Goral, bom in 1898. It was also used for bre­eding across the who­le Austro‐Hungarian Monarchy.
      • Gurgul foun­da­tion stock
        It ori­gi­na­tes from a foun­da­tion sire cal­led Gurgul, bom in 1924 in Slovakia
      • Polan foun­da­tion stock
        Polan was bom in 1929 in Poland.
      • Ousor foun­da­tion stockFoundation sire bom in 1933 in Romania, cre­ated side stra­in of Goral
      • Pietrosu foun­da­tion stock
        Further side stra­in of Goral was cre­ated by a foun­da­tion sire cal­led Pietrosu, bom in 1933 in Romania
      • Prislop foun­da­tion stock
        Foundation sire was Prislop, bom in 1933 in Romania, which also repre­sents Goral foun­da­tion stock.
    9. Colour of Hucul hor­ses
      Despite cros­sing with vario­us bre­eds, Hucul hor­ses nowa­days fre­qu­en­tly show signs of a wild hor­se:
      Dorsal band toge­ther with possi­ble bands on legs and some­ti­mes also a slo­ping cro­up. Horses, regar­dless of the­ir colo­ur signi­fi­can­tly inhe­rit the­se featu­res. The ani­mals which display the­se featu­res are, in bro­ad terms, cal­led dun colo­ured. Only after fur­ther cross‐breeding with other bre­eds indi­vi­du­als with sim­ple colo­urs may appe­ar.
      In the bre­eding of Hucul hor­ses, the fol­lo­wing colo­urs are admit­ted:
      • Bay colo­ur.
        This colo­urs is wide­spre­ad in all its sha­des, it is often accom­pa­nied by a light mouth. The coat is black. Also legs may be black, some­ti­mes even up to hocks and kne­es.
      • Black:
        Black colo­ur can also be found in Hucul hor­ses.
      • Dun colo­ured:
        Many hor­ses con­stan­tly display signs of a wild hor­se. This colo­ur can be found in many varie­ties. We distin­gu­ish bay‐dun colo­ured (vario­us sha­des), mouse‐coloured (grey‐dun colo­ured), ginger‐dun colo­ured and some­ti­mes also dun‐skewbald.
      • Chestnut:
        This colo­ur is rare­ly found in Hucul hor­ses
      • Skewbald:
        Skewbald colo­ur appe­ared pro­ba­bly by means of orien­tal blo­od infu­sion to Hucul hor­ses

      Grey and isa­bel­la colo­ured hor­ses, due to the­ir Arabian ori­gin, were eli­mi­na­ted.

  3. Breeding aims
    1. The tar­get of bre­eding is a Hucul hor­se with a relia­ble cha­rac­ter, ave­ra­ge height, cor­rect build good con­sti­tu­tion, with firm pace, suita­ble for a who­le year’s life in a herd (witho­ut sta­ble bre­eding). It sho­uld have pre­di­spo­si­tions for a saddle‐horse and carriage‐horse, it sho­uld be suita­ble for use in sports by adults, but also depen­ding on indi­vi­du­als, for youth and chil­dren. Target sha­pe is rec­tan­gu­lar with 132 cm tol48 cm of height.
    2. In the pro­cess of bre­eding natu­ral immu­ni­ty of hor­ses sho­uld be wor­ked out, by keeping them for a who­le year in the open, witho­ut sta­ble bre­eding, but also by feeding them with grass and hay. As a result, late matu­ring hor­ses have pro­lon­ged vita­li­ty. The age in which the hor­se is ente­red in the stud­bo­ok, or the age in which the stal­lion is ack­now­led­ged (by gran­ting a licen­ce) sho­uld gene­ral­ly be four years. Performance tests sho­uld con­cern only five year old hor­ses. In sin­gle cases, after esta­bli­shing bre­eding matu­ri­ty (phe­no­ty­pe, size of an adult indi­vi­du­al), it is possi­ble even for a three year old hor­se to be ente­red into the stud­bo­ok.
  4. Stud‐book
    1. Keeping a stud‐book
      1. Into the stud‐book all bre­eding ani­mals and all offspring are ente­red. Horses are accep­ted after the con­trol of ori­gin is per­for­med on the basis of age, sex, pedi­gree and bre­eding asses­sment. An entry is made in accor­dan­ce with point IV of the first sec­tion under dif­fe­rent entries, taking into acco­unt all impor­tant data.
      2. Stud‐books are kept sepa­ra­te­ly for stal­lions and mares.
      3. In case of a stud‐book kept elec­tro­ni­cal­ly, a sepa­ra­te print‐out is neces­sa­ry, i.e. sepa­ra­te asses­sment is neces­sa­ry.
    2. Stud‐book divi­sion
      Stud‐book of bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tion of Hucul hor­ses is divi­ded into at least:
      1. Book of foals = regi­ster of foals
        1. All foals are ente­red into the book of foals, i.e. all offspring of ack­now­led­ged bre­eding hor­ses.
        2. Foals of Hucul hor­ses or offspring of ack­now­led­ged bre­ed sho­uld be ente­red in a sepa­ra­te sec­tion of a regi­ster of foals, sepa­ra­te­ly from the entry of foals of mixed bre­ed or the­ir offspring from an unack­now­led­ged bre­eding.
        3. Foals of Hucul hor­ses or offspring from ack­now­led­ged bre­eding may be ente­red in accor­dan­ce with the asses­sment of the­ir bre­eding mate­rial in appro­pria­te age clas­ses.
        4. For the pur­po­se of an appro­pria­te inter­pre­ta­tion of the value of bre­eding mate­rial, only foals of Hucul hor­ses or offspring from ack­now­led­ged bre­ed may be ente­red
      2. Stud‐book of offspring = regi­ster of offspring, or the regi­ster of saddle‐horses:
        Into the book of offspring only adult indi­vi­du­als, who­se parents do not meet the requ­ire­ments of entry into the stud­bo­ok of bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions, can be ente­red.
        1. Geldings from the pure‐breed bre­eding
        2. offspring of hor­ses, which have only 50% of Hucul blo­od
      3. Main sec­tion of the stud‐book
        1. International bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions of Hucul hor­ses asso­cia­ted in HIF agre­ed that the main sec­tion of the stud‐book is clo­sed.
        2. Main sec­tion of the stud‐book sho­uld be clo­sed by 1 January 2000
        3. International bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions reached an agre­ement that only the fol­lo­wing hor­ses of Hucul bre­ed can be ente­red into the main sec­tion of the stud‐book:
          1. hor­ses with a per­fect docu­men­ta­tion of ori­gin
          2. bre­eding hor­ses with a per­fect ori­gin at least five gene­ra­tions back
          3. bre­eding mares, which due to histo­ri­cal reasons of deve­lop­ment of this bre­ed in the fifth gene­ra­tion show gaps. In case of the­se mares, only two ance­stors in male and fema­le lines in the fifth gene­ra­tion may be mis­sing.
        4. bre­eding hor­ses, which do not meet the requ­ire­ments neces­sa­ry for the entry to the main sec­tion of the stud‐book sho­uld be ente­red to the­ir own book (addi­tio­nal book or a regi­ster of ori­gin).
        5. Main sec­tion of the stud‐book may be kept in dif­fe­rent sub‐sections, which take into acco­unt bre­eding value of hor­ses, the­ir or the­ir offspring’s achie­ve­ments, or also inc­lu­de cri­te­ria of ori­gin.
      4. Additional stud‐book = regi­ster of ori­gin
        1. The fol­lo­wing bre­eding hor­ses sho­uld be ente­red in the regi­ster of ori­gins:
          • bre­eding hor­ses, which have gaps in ori­gin in the fifth gene­ra­tion back, and the­ir offspring
          • ack­now­led­ged bre­eding hor­ses, which due to cer­ta­in defi­cien­cies can­not be ente­red to the chief stud­bo­ok. Horses, who­se featu­res could have a nega­ti­ve impact on bre­eding, and even endan­ger it, e.g. hor­ses with bre­eding asses­sment much below ave­ra­ge, due to here­di­ta­ry defi­cien­cies (mon­th­ly blind­ness, silver eye, sum­mer ecze­ma and others), featu­res which decre­ase bre­eding value (e.g. faults in for­ma­tion, con­sti­tu­tion, sum­mer ecze­ma)
          • offspring of hor­ses, descri­bed abo­ve = „hor­ses from unack­now­led­ged bre­eding”
          • hybrids, which only have 50% of Hucul blo­od.
        2. All offspring of “hor­ses from the regi­ster of ori­gin,” regar­dless of the num­ber of gene­ra­tions, are regar­ded as hor­ses from unack­now­led­ged bre­eding, and the­re­fo­re mustn’t be ente­red into the chief book of bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions.
        3. Possible per­for­man­ce or bre­eding asses­sments of hor­ses from the regi­ster of ori­gin can­not have any impact on bre­eding value of the­ir ance­stors. It means that they can­not have neither a posi­ti­ve, nor a nega­ti­ve impact on the bre­eding value of the­ir parents.
        4. Horses from the regi­ster of ori­gin mustn’t repre­sent the­ir bre­ed on sports events.
  5. Registers
    1. Registers pro­vi­de cle­ar infor­ma­tion abo­ut the entry of hor­ses, which are made in dif­fe­rent parts or sec­tions of a stud‐book.
    2. Different regi­sters sho­uld inc­lu­de all impor­tant infor­ma­tion abo­ut hor­ses, neces­sa­ry at the time of the­ir entry to the stud‐book.
    3. If the stud‐book is kept elec­tro­ni­cal­ly, sepa­ra­te print‐outs or sepa­ra­te ana­ly­ses of dif­fe­rent regi­sters in one pro­gram must be made.
    4. The fol­lo­wing regi­sters sho­uld be kept, taking into acco­unt dif­fe­rent sub‐sections, also by means of elec­tro­nic sys­tems
      • regi­ster of foals
      • regi­ster of offspring or saddle‐horses
      • regi­ster of stal­lions
      • regi­ster of mares
      • regi­ster of mating
      • regi­ster of foaling
      • regi­ster of ori­gin and possi­bly
      • regi­ster of per­for­man­ce
  6. Performance tests
    1. In the spi­rit of bre­eding pro­gress, per­for­man­ce tests sho­uld be made for bre­eding hor­ses, even if it is not pro­vi­ded for by bre­eding direc­ti­ves of indi­vi­du­al mem­ber sta­tes.
    2. For the bene­fit of “quali­ty con­trol” of bre­eding, such tests sho­uld also be made for the rearing
    3. Performance tests sho­uld inc­lu­de a com­pe­ti­tion in saddle‐riding, dres­sa­ge test, car­ria­ge test and effi­cien­cy test
    4. Performance tests pas­sed in one mem­ber sta­te sho­uld be reco­gni­sed, if they meet mini­mum requ­ire­ments in the­ir own coun­try. It also refers to the ack­now­led­ge­ment of pur­cha­sed or leased stal­lions.
  7. Sports events
    1. As far as possi­ble, bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions sho­uld enco­ura­ge par­ti­ci­pa­tion of bre­eding hor­ses and the­ir offspring in sports events.
    2. Successes of bre­eding hor­ses and the­ir rearing in sports events serve as a kind of “quali­ty con­trol” of bre­eding work and sho­uld be taken into acco­unt.
    3. Participation of hor­ses from the regi­ster of ori­gin (hybrids, hor­ses from unack­now­led­ged bre­eding) in com­pe­ti­tions for Hucul hor­ses is allo­wed only as part of sepa­ra­te com­pe­ti­tions.
    4. For the pur­po­se of main­te­nan­ce of the bre­ed, suc­ces­ses and failu­res of hor­ses from the regi­ster of ori­gin sho­uld not be taken into acco­unt in bre­eding work

Final remarks

  1. All bre­eding orga­ni­sa­tions, which deal with the bre­eding of Hucul hor­ses, are obli­ged to sub­or­di­na­te the­ir bre­eding means to the fol­lo­wing aims:
    1. Maintenance of a tra­di­tio­nal bre­ed of Hucul hor­ses, who­se exi­sten­ce is extre­me­ly endan­ge­red, and which con­sti­tu­tes a value of European cul­tu­re.
    2. Further deve­lop­ment of the bre­ed witho­ut any los­ses in typi­cal featu­res of Hucul bre­ed hor­ses, deve­lop­ment of par­ti­cu­lar pro­per­ties and incre­ase of vario­us possi­bi­li­ties of use.
    3. Improvement of featu­res, typi­cal for this bre­ed and enhan­cing uti­li­ty value in the spi­rit of bre­eding pro­gress.
    4. Supporting Hucul bre­ed in the area of bre­eding, sport and cul­tu­re by orga­ni­sing tar­get events, exce­eding the coun­try area.
  2. Creating, or aiming at cre­ating equ­al con­di­tions for own bre­eding in the coun­try area, taking into acco­unt appro­pria­te direc­ti­ves of the European Union.
  3. Harmony in solving pro­blems rela­ted to bre­eding of Hucul hor­ses on an inter­na­tio­nal level (HIF).